21 Oct 2021, 11:09 pm
Laboratory Animals
Laboratory Animals, Ahead of Print.
The introduction of the CRISPR-Cas9 system in 2013 has revolutionized experimental genetics in mice and rats. This commentary gives an overview on the use of CRISPR either for gene editing in the germline or for editing and beyond editing in somatic cells. Future perspectives are opened by emerging CRISPR technologies that could enable genome engineering at larger scale.
21 Oct 2021, 10:20 pm
Laboratory Animals
Laboratory Animals, Ahead of Print.
8 Oct 2021, 1:47 am
Laboratory Animals
Laboratory Animals, Volume 55, Issue 5, Page 386-386, October 2021.
8 Oct 2021, 1:47 am
Laboratory Animals
Laboratory Animals, Volume 55, Issue 5, Page 483-484, October 2021.
8 Oct 2021, 1:47 am
Laboratory Animals
Laboratory Animals, Volume 55, Issue 5, Page 479-479, October 2021.
1 Oct 2021, 5:32 am
Laboratory Animals
Laboratory Animals, Ahead of Print.
In preclinical positron emission tomography animal studies, continuous blood sampling is used to measure the time course of the activity concentration in arterial blood. However, pigs have hypercoagulable blood that tends to clot inside plastic tubes. We tested several tube materials and lengths and the use of three-way connectors. We validated set-ups for automated blood sampling with and without blood recirculation that could run for 90 minutes without problematic clots and without any evidence of emboli formation during necropsy.
25 Sep 2021, 8:56 pm
Laboratory Animals
Laboratory Animals, Ahead of Print.
The main microbial contaminants of rooms in which laboratory rodents are housed are bacteria and fungi. Restriction of microbial growth to below threshold levels requires the application of various sophisticated antimicrobial techniques that must be effective and safe for the animals. Some of the most commonly used techniques, including chemical disinfection, ventilation, filtration, sterilization and radiation, are not always sufficiently effective. The aim of the current study was to evaluate the efficacy of a modern technique (i.e. radiant catalytic ionization (RCI)) on the microbiological status of an animal care facility, and the health of the mice housed therein. The experiment, conducted over seven days, compared an experimental room with an RCI system permanently turned on with a negative control room. At the completion of the experiment, the number of bacteria in the RCI room air and on its walls was lower than that in the control room (p < 0.01 in both cases). Values of the basic prooxidative parameter, thiobarbituric acid reactive substances concentration, in tissues of mice from the RCI room were within allowed boundaries. Hence, application of an RCI system proved to be an ideal technique to ensure high hygienic standards in animal rooms without any adverse effects on the animals housed therein.
23 Sep 2021, 8:50 pm
Laboratory Animals
Laboratory Animals, Ahead of Print.
Systematic reviews are important tools in animal research, but the ever-increasing number of studies makes retrieval of all relevant publications challenging. Search filters aid in retrieving as many animal studies as possible. In this paper we provide updated and expanded versions of the SYRCLE animal filters for PubMed and Embase. We provide the Embase filter for both Embase.com and via Ovid. Furthermore, we provide new animal search filters for Web of Science (WoS) and APA PsycINFO via psycnet.apa.org and via Ovid. Compared with previous versions, the new filters retrieved 0.5–47.1% (19 references for PubMed, 837 for WoS) more references in a real-life example. All filters retrieved additional references, comprising multiple relevant reviews. A random sample from WoS found at least one potentially relevant primary study. These animal search filters facilitate identifying as many animal studies as possible while minimising the number of non-animal studies.
22 Sep 2021, 10:54 pm
Laboratory Animals
Laboratory Animals, Ahead of Print.
Tamoxifen is commonly used as a cancer treatment in humans and for inducing genetic alterations using Cre-lox mouse models in the research setting. However, the extent of tamoxifen off-target effects in animal research is underappreciated. Here, we report significant changes in cellular infiltration in Cre-recombinase-negative mice treated with tamoxifen intraperitoneally. These changes were noted in the lungs, which were characterized by the presence of alveolitis, vasculitis, and pleuritis. Despite significant immunological changes in response to tamoxifen treatment, clinical symptoms were not observed. This study provides a cautionary note that tamoxifen treatment alone leads to histologic alterations that may obscure research interpretations and further highlights the need for the development of alternative mouse models for inducible Cre-mediated deletion.
22 Sep 2021, 10:54 pm
Laboratory Animals
Laboratory Animals, Ahead of Print.
In many human diseases, the molecular pathophysiological mechanisms are not understood, which makes the development and testing of new therapeutic approaches difficult. The generation and characterization of animal models such as mice, rats, fruit flies, worms or fish offers the possibility for in detail studies of a disease’s development, its course and potential therapies in an organismal context, which considerably minimizes the risk of therapeutic side effects for patients. Nevertheless, due to the high numbers of experimental animals used in research worldwide, attempts to develop alternative test systems will help in reducing their count. In this regard, the cell culture system displays a suitable option due to its potential of delivering nearly unlimited material and the good opportunities for high-throughput studies such as drug testing. Here, we describe a quick and simple method to isolate and cultivate vital fibroblast-like cells from embryos and adults of two popular teleost model organisms, the Japanese rice fish medaka (Oryzias latipes) and the zebrafish (Danio rerio).